Macroetching, which is the etching of specimens for macrostructural examination at low magnifications, is a frequently used technique for evaluating steel products such as bars, billets, blooms, and forgings. Included in this method is a procedure for rating steel specimens by a graded series of photographs showing the incidence of certain conditions. The method is limited in application to bars, billets, blooms, and forgings of carbon and low-alloy steels. A number of different etching reagents may be used depending upon the type of examination to be made. Steels react differently to etching reagents because of variations in chemical composition, method of manufacture, heat treatment, and many other variables. Establishment of general standards for acceptance or rejection for all conditions is impractical as some conditions must be considered relative to the part in which it occurs.
KeywordsBars, Rods, and Rebars - Billets and Blooms - Forgings - Macroetch Test - Steel Bars - Steel Billets - Steel Blooms - Steel Forgings
ICS CODE77.140.85 (Iron and steel forgings)
ASTM E381-17, Standard Method of Macroetch Testing Steel Bars, Billets, Blooms, and Forgings, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.org