ClientArab Potash Company
BackgroundThe Carnallite Structure is a 25-meter, five-story-high, open steel-framed structure constructed in the 1980s. An elevated concrete slab cast composite with the steel framing supports several centrifuge machines, which serve as an integral part of the hot leach production line at this potash plant. The equipment, which runs continuously, induces vibration into the supporting slab and sprays hot leach product, which is highly deleterious to both concrete and steel, directly onto the slab.
SolutionWJE conducted a field investigation of the steel framing and concrete slab to determine the configuration and condition of the slab as well as the nature of the operational exposure. During the investigation, WJE measured the response of the slab during operation of the centrifuge machines to estimate the vibration levels in the slab.
The new slab was reinforced with only glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) reinforcing bars. Although GFRP bars have been used in the past in structures exposed to chlorides, they had never been used in this application. Unlike steel bar, the GFRP bars exhibit nonductile fracture failures and are sensitive to low levels of sustained and cyclic loading. As such, WJE's design included an evaluation of these effects, including estimates of dynamic/cyclic loads from the operation of the centrifuge machines. The slab concrete was designed to be relatively impermeable, and included considerations for locally-available materials. To prevent deterioration of the concrete surface paste, the slab design included topping with a resinous protective system. Exposed steel elements were cleaned and coated with a three-coat high performance marine paint.
WJE was onsite during construction to review installation of the GFRP rebar, specify steel repairs, and resolve other construction issues. The vibrational performance of the slab and GFRP bars were verified by dynamic sensors that had been embedded in the slab.