Raymond H. R. Tide



Since joining WJE in 1982, Raymond Tide has been involved in the investigation of steel structures. Projects include collapses, material deterioration, fatigue, brittle fracture, welding, mill-rolling defects, fire exposure, and structural damage. He has conducted load tests on bridges, industrial structures, and commercial buildings. He has directed laboratory tests on building components. Dr. Tide was involved in the FEMA-sponsored SAC Joint Venture seismic investigations concerning fractures of welded connections.

Prior to WJE, Dr. Tide worked for the American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC), and as Manager of Engineering for a steel fabricator responsible for design, fabrication, and quality control. He served for three years as an officer in the Canadian Army Corps of Engineers.


Failure Investigation

  • Warsaw, IN: Warehouse rack structures
  • University of Washington - Seattle, WA: Stadium addition
  • Sunshine Bridge - Tampa, FL: Gantry crane



  • Convention Center - Los Angeles, CA: Addition
  • Assembly Plant - Detroit, MI: Roofing trusses


Fatigue and Brittle Fracture Studies

  • Amusement Park Ride - Gurnee, IL
  • Dana-Farber Cancer Institute - Boston, MA: Addition


Load Testing

  • 1892 Railroad Bridge - Rock Island, WA
  • Coal Gasification Plant Structure - Beulah, ND
  • Clinton Avenue Bridge - Frankfort, KY
  • Jacob Javits Convention Center - New York, NY


Repair and Rehabilitation Design

  • Foundry Press - Sparta, WI: Support structure 
  • Hydraulic Press - Atlanta, GA: Support frame
  • Poplar Street Bridge Complex - East St. Louis, IL: Rehabilitation plan review
Professional Affiliations

American Society of Civil Engineers
American Welding Society
Canadian Society of Civil Engineers
Research Council on Structural Connections
Structural Engineers Association of Illinois


Professional Engineer in AB, BC, FL, MB, MO, ON, SD, and SK


University of Manitoba
Bachelor of Science, Civil Engineering, 1961

Lehigh University
Master of Science, Civil Engineering, 1966

Washington University in St. Louis
Doctor of Science, Civil Engineering, 1971