ClientRandolph Tower City Apartments, LLC
BackgroundWith its visually dramatic tower, Randolph Tower—originally known as the Steuben Club Building—is one of Chicago's finest 1920s-era skyscrapers. Built in 1929 as a multi-purpose building housing a private club and retail and commercial offices, Randolph Tower was designed by the noteworthy Chicago firm of Karl M. Vitzthum & Co. in a Gothic Revival style greatly influenced by the 1922 Chicago Tribune Tower Competition. The 45-story high-rise is distinguished by an 18-story polygonal tower that rises via a series of setbacks from a 27-story base. At 463-feet tall, it is the second-tallest terra cotta-clad structure in Chicago. Randolph Tower was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2007 and certified in 2013.
SolutionAfter a thorough, hands-on review of the exterior, it was determined that nearly 60 percent of the building was in disrepair. In total, 14,000 terra cotta units were removed and replaced; another 16,000 terra cotta units were removed and reused; and 8,000 units were repaired in place. This combination of new and used terra cotta units was successfully intermixed with fiberglass replica panels, replacing approximately 7,500 terra cotta units.
Two noteworthy features that were restored were the large, projecting terra cotta gargoyles at the 39th floor and the entire 1st floor storefront. Removed in the 1960s, new terra cotta gargoyles were sculpted based upon historic photographs. The retail storefront restoration included removal of the 1950s granite panels and complete recreation of the original, ornate terra cotta. Craftsmen from the terra cotta manufacturer recreated all of the intricate ornamentation taken from the original 1928 terra cotta shop drawings. The adaptive reuse of the interior combined historic restoration with contemporary design features inspired by the building's historical motifs and Jazz Era context.
The restoration of the facade and the adaptive reuse of the building was completed between December 2010 and December 2012. The $145 million, 312-unit project finished on time and on budget. A dormant skyscraper has been transformed into a vibrant residential community.